Author asks why some countries are better than others at science and technology.
The subtitle of Mark Zachary Taylor’s new book, The Politics of Innovation (Oxford University Press), asks why some countries are better than others at science and technology. He argues that the answer lies in politics and proposes a theory of “creative insecurity,” arguing that innovation rates should be higher in countries in which external threats outweigh domestic tensions.
“S&T progress creates winners and losers, and the losers resort to politics to slow innovation,” Taylor, an associate professor of political science at Georgia Institute of Technology, writes in the book’s introduction. “However, external threats increase political support for S&T and thereby counteract domestic political resistance to innovation.”
Taylor answered questions by Elizabeth Redden about his book via email.
The main focus of the LHCP 2015 conference, which was the third meeting of established scientists who specialized in the high-energy physics research, was the inspection of the perspectives of further investigations which became possible thanks to the results gained from the newly upgraded LHC.
Aside from the main theme, the conference was also touching upon fundamental problems such as the formation of the universe, the nature of dark matter, the discovery of unknown particles and the application of newly acquired theoretical knowledge in medicine.
Brazil impresses with its pace of economic development. Every year more and more foreign investment are coming into the country creating the term "Brazilian miracle". Brazilians say that today's "miracle" - is the result of long-term strategy implemented by the government over the last twenty years.
On 16 July, in Shanghai, “Russian Day”, a special event held within the Mobile World Congress Shanghai (MWC 2015) for the leading Russian IT companies in Russia, was a huge success. The visit from the Russian delegation in Shanghai from 14 - 16 of July was organised by the RVC in cooperation with RUSSOFT with support from the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications of the Russian Federation, the Russian Federation Trade Representative in China and the High Technology Industry Development Center “Torch”. The activities were coordinated by the Interregional Innovative Development Center INNO-MIR.
The trip of the Russian delegation to one of the largest forums in the sphere of mobile technologies has become one of the steps in the Russian IT-industry Export Support Programme, which is currently being conducted by RUSSOFT with support from the Russian Venture Company (RVC). During the three days, from 15 - 17 of July, the participants in the programme were able to acquaint themselves with the newest successes of the rapidly developing area of the industry, explore the world of the latest trends, products , services and understand the main aspect of the evolution of the global mobile ecosystem.“Participation in the Mobile Congress in Shanghai is incredibly interesting for Russian IT companies,” commented Valentin Makarov, President of RUSSOFT. “This interest is tied to the idea of breaking through into the Chinese and Southeast Asian markets as well as the possibility of finding strategic partnerships in China to create cooperative products for the global market.” The members of the Russian delegation who were present at the MWC 2015 were able to partake in every congress event, as well as join the specially organised seminar and contact exchange (“Russian Day”)...
On the 5th and 6th of March the Interregional Innovative Development Center INNO-MIR participated in the 6th University Business Forum which was held under patronage of the European Commission in Brussels. The event hosted more than four hundred delegates, representing the interests of high schools, large corporations, small and medium businesses, as well as national, regional and local authorities from Europe and even further abroad. The forum presented a unique opportunity to exchange experiences and discuss the newest directions in the innovation processes relating to the integration of the science and the business sectors. The conference’s main goal can be summarised as: finding ways to overcome the cultural divide between these two sectors and promoting new, stable, and closer cooperation.
10 PREDICTIONS OF INNOVATION
It’s human nature to want to know what’s coming.
As far back as one can look in history, humans have tried to predict everything from the weather and rise and fall of tides to, in more recent times, stock performance and who will reign as champion in a sporting event. From Nostradamus to Toffler to Kurzweil, academics, stronomers, economists, futurists, mathematicians, scientists, sociologists, sports enthusiasts and others have contributed to the science – and art – of predicting what is to come.
This paper is a compilation of 10 innovation predictions for the world in 2025, based on research done by Thomson Reuters analysts using the company’s patent and scientific literature solutions.
What will be the major innovations impacting our world in 2025?
Understanding of the human genome and genetic mutations leads to improved detection of, and prevention methods for, the onset of neuro-degenerative diseases such as dementia and Alzheimer’s.
This work is vital to understanding human genetic variations and will enable scientists to begin to fix genetic malfunctions, such as those impacting dementia patients.
Scientific studies of dementia sufferers have been able to isolate specific chromosomes that cause different forms of the disease, including autosomal dominant frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), among others.
And, as the global population ages, preventing these diseases through understanding the genetics will become increasingly important.
SOLAR IS THE LARGEST SOURCE OF ENERGY ON THE PLANET
Methods for harvesting, storing and converting solar energy are so advanced and efficient that it becomes the primary source of energy on our planet.
Solar thermal and solar photovoltaic energy (from new dye-sensitized and thin-film materials) will heat buildings, water, and provide energy for devices in the home and office, as well as in retail buildings and manufacturing facilities.
TYPE I DIABETES IS PREVENTABLE
A versatile human genome engineering platform is a reality, paving the way for the modification of disease-causing genes and helping to prevent certain metabolic conditions.
The human genome engineering platform will pave the way for the modification of disease-causing genes in humans, leading to the prevention of type I diabetes, among other ailments.
FOOD SHORTAGES AND FOOD PRICE FLUCTUATIONS ARE THINGS OF THE PAST
Advancements in lighting technologies and imaging techniques, coupled with genetic crop modification, provide an environment ripe for successful indoor crop growth and detecting diseased foods.
Imaging techniques such as three-dimensional displays coupled with hyperspectral imaging will also be able to provide early detection of mal-developing crops and diseased animal proteins before human consumption.
Because there is reduced risk of crop failure, price fluctuations and food shortages will become things of the past.
ELECTRIC AIR TRANSPORTATION TAKES OFF
Light-weight aerospace engineering coupled with new battery technologies power electric vehicle transportation - on land and in the air.
Getting from point A to point B will be significantly different in 2025 from how it happens today.
Cars and airplanes will still exist, but they will be smarter, battery-powered, able to travel longer distances and more light-weight.
As these new planes will be able to take off and land in much smaller spaces, getting a pilot’s license could become the new rite-of-passage to adulthood in the 21st Century.
From the smallest personal items to the largest continents, everything, everywhere will be digitally connected, and responsive to our wants and likes.
The digital world as we know it today will seem simple and rudimentary in 2025. If you think we’re electronically dependent now, you haven’t seen anything yet.
From cars and homes that respond to your every wish and want, to appliances that think for themselves, to interconnected geographies – from the most remote farmlands to bustling cities – we will all be digitally directed. Imagine the day when the entire continent ofAfricais completely, digitally connected. That day will happen in 2025.
PETROLEUM-BASED PACKAGING IS HISTORY; CELLULOSE-DERIVED PACKAGING RULES
Bio-nanocomposites based on nanocellulose make 100% fully biodegradeable packaging pervasive.
Whether for food, medicine, electronics, textiles or consumer products, all packaging will be made from cellulose-derived products.
Additionally, the new cellulosic packaging will play a part in pharmaceutical packaging that is ingested, such as in controlled–release medicines.
CANCER TREATMENTS HAVE VERY FEW TOXIC SIDE EFFECTS
Drug development is so much more precise, binding to specific proteins and using antibodies to give exact mechanisms of action, that the debilitating effects of toxic chemicals on patients is significantly reduced.
Just as Big Data is enabling companies to deliver personalized customer experiences, so too is life sciences moving from broad-brush drugs to very accurate and targeted treatments that result in significantly improved patient experiences.
The impact of these advancements will be that patients in 2025 will have much more targeted drug treatments that result in fewer toxic side effects.
DNA MAPPING AT BIRTH IS THE NORM TO MANAGE DISEASE RISK
The evolution of micro-total analysis systems (single-cell analysis) and advancements in nanotechnology, coupled with more widespread Big Data technologies, make DNA-mapping at birth the norm, as well as part of one’s annual physician exam.
Big Data will be embedded in society in the next decade, allowing medical researchers and physicians to use it to their advantage. In 2025, humans will have their DNA mapped at birth and checked annually to identify any changes that could point to the onset of autoimmune diseases.
TELEPORTATION IS TESTED
Kinematical techniques used to understand the Higgs Boson particles generated in the Large Hadron Collider advance such that quantum teleportation is more commonplace.
Although in 2025 we as humans won’t yet be able to teleport through space, a significant investment in and testing of quantum teleportation will be underway using other forms of matter.
Rating of innovative regions has been developed by the Association of Innovative Regions of Russia in 2012 together with the Ministry of Economic Development, with the participation of representatives of regional administrations and leading experts in the country for the purposes of monitoring and control. AIRR team conducts regular updates rankings following the publication of new statistics.
1. Moscow ( 197.81 %)
Fight for the animal rights is one of the most progressive international social movements calling for a deeper, more fundamental changes in our society.
At the moment there are hundreds of societies for the protection of animals all over the world, some of which protect certain groups of animals (for example animals used in experiments or wild animals in zoos and circuses), others protect all animals.
Today the cultural level of the human society in each country can be judged by the way the animals are treated. Thus the change in the position of animals in developed countries is inevitable.
Not further than last week a New York appeals court will consider whether chimpanzees are entitled to "legal personhood".
A victory in the case could lead to a further expansion of rights for chimps and other higher-order animals, including elephants, dolphins, orcas and other non-human primates.
However this is not the first case of its kind when such rights are officially recognized for the animals.
In 2008 the Spanish parliament recognized that great apes have the rights to life and liberty simular to men’s. We are talking about orangutans, gorillas and chimpanzees.
The initiators of the project are scientists from the international organization "Great Ape Project" who believe that our closest genetic relatives deserve the rights which had hitherto enjoyed only a man.
In 2010 Helsinki Group, which includes members of the British Society for the protection of whales and dolphins, proposed the adoption of the Bill of Rights for the animals.
They decided to equalize the rights because these animals have exceptional intellectual abilities.
And that is why they deserve to be treated as "individuals" – we should respect their rights to life and liberty.
"The person needs a personality. If this is taken into account then intentional killing of such an individual is ethically similar to killing of a human being " – says Professor Tom White of Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles.
It is reported that the recognition of such animal rights will protect intelligent animals from murder, medical experimentation, purchase and sale, keeping in small cages in zoos and provide them with a decent living.
From the 7th to the 10th of July, Paris was host to the 11th International Centre for Innovation and Education (ICIE) Conference, which the Centre for International Innovational Development "INNO-MIR" participated in. This year's central theme was focused around development of creative ability and innovativeness in both middle and high school. The conference posed an opportunity for various educators and psychologists from around the world to express their views and demonstrate original, innovational approaches to the problem, as well as exchange ideas and experience.
For four days, representatives of educational organisations from around the world, Australia to Brazil, attended plenary sessions and symposiums discussing questions that should concerning any caring educator, who thinks about the young generation's prospects and, eventually, the future of our planet. Specialized sessions and post-conference workshops explored concrete research in the area of methods allowing more fully opening up creative potential in students and developing their artistic self.
Last week the Interregional Center of Innovation Development (INNO-MIR) took part in the Innovation Convention 2014 held in Brussels on 10-11 March 2014. The event, organized by the European Commission, initially focused on the European Union members. However, non-European participants could also learn much, not only from the content, but also from the way such a big international event was organized.
Touch the world around you, the Nature, the people very gently. Take what you need in moderation. No more, no less.
The Essence and Structure of the Modern Innovation-oriented Culture or What We Need for Creative Work
Tatiana Rubanova, painter
To begin with let's define what Innovative culture is, although I prefer terms like “culture in modern comprehension” or “dynamic concept of culture”...
Modern society has already crossed the line when the abilities to read, write and understand the basic laws of the universe are seen as an achievement worthy of a separate term "culture." Moreover, (and this is even more important): it has crossed the border, when a person who did not have certain cultural skills or knowledge was just of no importance to the culture and society and couldn't make an impact on the development of the planet. It seemed that such a man just didn't exist. He/she seemed to be a kind of ballast, protoplasm.