The German experience demonstrates the experience of a country, able to become one of the world’s economic leaders after devastation and destruction. Germany offers an affirmative answer to the question: Is it possible to not possess gas, oil, timber and other natural resources, yet implement with the latest technologies to become one of the world’s economic leaders.
Germany is well-positioned in the global technology race. It has a powerful scientific potential, and its R & D investments are among the highest in the world. R & D in Germany has its own specificity: there is no central mechanism to coordinate the research and to define priority areas. Universities and research institutions are financed, both from the state budget, as well as from regional ones. However, local authorities are very involved in technology exchange. In particular, they contribute to development of science parks and innovation centers, considering this activity one of the most important ways to solve regional development problems.
The main problem of the German innovation policy, both at the federal and regional levels is special innovative culture creation. In Germany, despite its leading position in technology, there is an acute shortage of awareness and willingness to innovate in economic and social life. Thus, all interested parties attach special importance to this issue, and it is a favorite topic for political parties, trade unions, industry associations. As a consequence, there are a number of large and small initiatives to nurture innovative culture of Germany, especially in the educational sphere. Cooperation within the innovation process is strongly stimulated. Educational and training programs are characterized by a considerable degree of social orientation. The Government supports higher educational programs that develop in future graduates the skills needed to create their own innovative businesses. Creation of innovative enterprises is fostered with the help of innovative, incubation and technology centers, as proven innovative economic tools and technology policy. At inception, the US incubator and science park experiences, as well as the UK, France, Japan technopolises were used. Ultimately, a version came about, appropriate to national conditions. Technological and incubation centers are key points in a unified network. They were formed, mainly through regional initiatives, and are considered prime examples of public-private partnerships. Successful centers rely on partnerships with associations, chambers of trade and industry, institutions, and banks in the region and implement recognized activity in the public interest. Thus, they implement new forms of technology transfer from science to industry.
German experts agree that international competition in scientific and economic spheres is growing. But most agree that Germany should remain open to the world of science. Therefore, an important aspect of national science and technology policy is to promote the country’s research landscape internationally to achieve a level of research in higher education and non-university research institutions to attract more foreign students and researchers, and thus, to set the stage for development of an international Innovative Culture.
Interregional Innovative Development Center “INNO-MIR” invites you to take part in the international educational program on driving future growth and competitiveness through Science-to-Business Marketing and Partner Relationship Management, "Innovative culture of Germany", organized jointly with Münster University of Applied Sciences (MUAS), Münster, Germany.