The State Council issued a national scientific and technological innovation plan in a bid to build China into an innovative country and a scientific and technological power.
As the world’s second-largest economy undergoes economic transition for further development, technology innovation has never been more significant, the plan said.
Based on the idea that innovation is the prime development driving force, the plan is a blueprint designed for technological innovation development during the period of the 13th Five-Year Plan (2016-2020).
The plan aims to substantially improve China’s technology and innovation capabilities, and lift the country’s comprehensive innovation capabilities into the world’s top 15.
China has witnessed major developments in technology improvements, such as manned space flights and lunar probes, manned deep-sea submersible, deep earth exploration, super computers and quantum communication.
Some figures provide evidence of the nation’s efforts and development in technological innovation.
In 2015, nationwide expenditure on scientific research and experiments totaled 1.42 trillion yuan ($213.4 billion); it accounted for the world’s second largest number of published international science and technology papers; and the national comprehensive innovation capabilities ranked 18th in the world.
In addition, the contribution rate of technology to economic growth increased from 20.9 percent in 2010 to 55.3 percent in 2015.
The plan urged to play the key leading role of scientific and technological innovation in uplifting the industries to the medium- and high-end, developing new growth drivers, expanding new development space, improving development quality and efficiency.
The plan called efforts to accelerate the implementation of major national scientific and technological projects and launch the scientific and technological innovation 2030 project.